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Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 361,561 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 339,337 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 372,242 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 213,512 59.1% White 131,127 38.6% White 120,855 32.5%
Negro 124,710 34.5% Black 159,351 47.0% Black 163,526 43.9%
Indian 2,890 0.8% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 2,754 0.8% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 2,325 0.6%
Eskimo 41 0.0% Eskimo 19 0.0%
Aleut 5 0.0% Aleut 11 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 28,053 8.3% Asian or Pacific Islander 55,332 14.9%
Asian 54,012 14.5%
Japanese 2,405 0.7% Japanese 2,397 0.7% Japanese 2,683 0.7%
Chinese 11,335 3.1% Chinese 15,325 4.5% Chinese 26,704 7.2%
Filipino 3,633 1.0% Filipino 5,637 1.7% Filipino 8,309 2.2%
Korean 930 0.3% Korean 1,850 0.5%
Asian Indian 571 0.2% Asian Indian 814 0.2%
Vietnamese 1,360 0.4% Vietnamese 6,771 1.8%
Cambodian 3,560 1.0%
Hmong 20 0.0%
Laotian 2,341 0.6%
Thai 130 0.0%
Other Asian 830 0.2%
Pacific Islander 1,320 0.4%
Polynesian 1,061 0.3%
Hawaiian 305 0.1% Hawaiian 403 0.1%
Samoan 211 0.1% Samoan 256 0.1%
Tongan 358 0.1%
Other Polynesian 44 0.0%
Guamanian 256 0.1% Micronesian -- Guamanian 184 0.0%
Micronesian -- Other 11 0.0%
Melanesian 42 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 1,061 0.3% Pacific Islander Not Specified 22 0.0%
All other 3,076 0.9% Race, n.e.c. 18,052 5.3% Other Race 30,204 8.1%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 24,168 6.7% SPANISH ORIGIN 32,133 9.5% TOTAL HISPANIC 49,267 13.2%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 173,693 48.0% Male 161,308 47.5% Male 177,711 47.7%
Female 187,868 52.0% Female 178,029 52.5% Female 194,531 52.3%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 26,543 7.3% Under 5 years 22,963 6.8% Under 5 years 29,676 8.0%
5 to 19 years 84,395 23.3% 5 to 19 years 69,563 20.5% 5 to 17 years 62,811 16.9%
20 to 64 years 203,015 56.1% 20 to 64 years 202,454 59.7% 18 to 64 years 234,524 63.0%
65 years and over 47,608 13.2% 65 years and over 44,357 13.1% 65 years and over 45,231 12.2%
Median age 31.4 X Median age 31.4 X Median age 32.9 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 138,831 100.0% Total households 142,417 100.0% Households 144,766 100.0%
Families 89,233 64.3% Families 80,624 56.6% Total families 85,011 58.7%
With own children under 18 years 40,593 29.2% With own children under 18 years 39,958 28.1% With own children under 18 years 42,434 29.3%
Persons per household 2.53 X Persons per household 2.33 X Persons per household 2.52 X
Persons per family 3.12 X Persons per family 3.28 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1969 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Income of families and unrelated individuals 9,626 X Median household income 13,780 X Median household income 27,095 X
Median family income 17,651 X Median family income 31,755 X
Income of persons 3,651 X Per capita income 7,701 X Per capita income 14,676 X
Less than poverty level 16.6% Below poverty level 18.5% Below poverty level 18.5%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 24.8 X Mean minutes traveled to work 25.8 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 57.1 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 139,117 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 160,160 100.0%
Private vehicle 96,349 69.3% Car, truck, or van 113,760 71.0%
Drive alone car 70,277 50.5% Drove alone 91,214 57.0%
Drive alone truck or van 6,691 4.8%
Carpool car 17,294 12.4% Carpooled 22,546 14.1%
Carpool truck or van 2,087 1.5%  
Public transportation 30,041 21.6% Public transportation 28,637 17.9%
Bus or streetcar 26,379 19.0% Bus or trolley bus 18,446 11.5%
  Streetcar or trolley car 289 0.2%
Subway or elevated train 3,392 2.4% Subway or elevated 9,395 5.9%
Railroad 163 0.1% Railroad 293 0.2%
  Ferryboat 112 0.1%
Taxicab 107 0.1% Taxicab 102 0.1%
Motorcycle 859 0.6% Motorcycle 708 0.4%
Bicycle 892 0.6% Bicycle 1,758 1.1%
Walked only 7,023 5.0% Walked 7,787 4.9%
Other means 1,525 1.1% Other means 1,668 1.0%
Worked at home 2,428 1.7% Working at home 5,842 3.6%
Best printed in landscape format.
 
                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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