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Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1950 Census 1960 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 384,575 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 367,548 100.0%
In households 365,668 95.1% In households 360,453 98.1%
In group quarters 7,095 1.9%
  
RACE RACE
Native white 290,605 75.6% White 270,523 73.6%
Foreign-born white 38,192 9.9%
Negro 47,562 12.4% Negro 83,618 22.8%
Other races 8,216 2.1% Other races 565 0.2%
Indians 168 0.0% Indian 1,166 0.3%
Japanese 1,250 0.3% Japanese 2,206 0.6%
Chinese 5,531 1.4% Chinese 7,658 2.1%
Filipino 1,812 0.5%
  
WHITE PERSONS OF SPANISH SURNAME 16,466 4.3% WHITE, SPANISH SURNAME 23,729 6.5%
  
PLACE OF BIRTH
    Native 332,369 90.4%
    Foreign born 35,179 9.6%
  
SEX SEX
Male 188,120 48.9% Male 175,449 47.7%
Female 196,455 51.1% Female 192,099 52.3%
 
AGE AGE
Under 5 years 35,256 9.2% Under 5 years 34,771 9.5%
5 to 17 years 55,812 14.5% 5 to 17 years 72,314 19.7%
18 to 64 years 257,100 66.9% 18 to 64 years 214,476 58.4%
65 years and over 36,407 9.5% 65 years and over 45,987 12.5%
Median age 34.6 X Median age 35.7 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Total household 128,839 100.0%    
    Families 97,193 100.0%
    With own children under 18 44,446 45.7%
Persons per household 2.84 X Population per household 2.69 X
  
HOUSING OCCUPANCY HOUSING OCCUPANCY
All dwelling units 133,263 100.0% All housing units 141,537 100.0%
Occupied dwelling units 128,885 96.7% All occupied units 133,843 94.6%
Owner occupied 63,303 49.1% Owner occupied 63,581 47.5%
Renter occupied 65,582 50.9% Renter occupied 70,262 52.5%
Vacant 4,378 3.3% Vacant 7,694 5.4%
Median value of 1-unit structures dollars 10,487 X Median value dollars 14,200 X
Median gross rent dollars 42 X Median gross rent dollars 73 X
  
INCOME IN 1949 INCOME IN 1959
Families median income dollars 3,820 X Families median income dollars 6,303 X
  
YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED
Population 25 years and over 254,555 100.0% Population 25 years and over 230,076 100.0%
High school 4 years 71,690 28.2% High school 4 years 61,081 26.5%
College 4 years or more 19,880 7.8% College 4 years or more 19,136 8.3%
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
All workers 142,720 100.0%
Private automobile or car pool 93,843 65.8%
Railroad, subway or elevated 65 0.0%
Bus or streetcar 21,562 15.1%
Walked to work 10,637 7.5%
Other means 1,815 1.3%
Worked at home 2,990 2.1%
Not reported 11,808 8.3%
  
MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP OCCUPATION
Employed 154,170 100.0% Employed 144,618 100.0%
Professional, technical, and kindred 15,823 10.3% Professional, technical, and kindred 16,205 11.2%
Farmers and farm managers 207 0.1% Farmers and farm managers 302 0.2%
Managers, officials, and propr's exc. farm 17,920 11.6% Managers, officials, and propr's exc. farm 12,171 8.4%
Clerical and kindred 27,054 17.5% Clerical and kindred 26,111 18.1%
Sales 14,571 9.5% Sales 11,052 7.6%
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred 24,180 15.7% Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred 17,376 12.0%
Operatives and kindred 23,505 15.2% Operatives and kindred 20,455 14.1%
Private household workers 3,295 2.1% Private household workers 4,280 3.0%
Service workers, except private household 15,123 9.8% Service workers, except private household 13,584 9.4%
Farm laborers 254 0.2% Farm laborers and farm foremen 340 0.2%
Laborers, except farm and mine 11,019 7.1% Laborers, except farm and mine 9,048 6.3%
Occupation not reported 1,219 0.8% Occupation not reported 13,694 9.5%
  
CLASS OF WORKER
Self-employed 12,238 8.5%
 
                Source: 1950-1960 Census, DOF Research

Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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