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Decennial Census data
      1890-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010
1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 116,716 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 103,328 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 102,724 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 79,041 67.7% White 69,129 66.9% White 64,002 62.3%
Negro 27,421 23.5% Black 20,671 20.0% Black 19,309 18.8%
Indian 327 0.3% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 424 0.4% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 513 0.5%
Eskimo 26 0.0% Eskimo 8 0.0%
Aleut 0 0.0% Aleut 13 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 10,311 10.0% Asian or Pacific Islander 15,219 14.8%
Asian 15,134 14.7%
Japanese 3,417 2.9% Japanese 3,195 3.1% Japanese 2,777 2.7%
Chinese 4,035 3.5% Chinese 4,479 4.3% Chinese 6,701 6.5%
Filipino 1,126 1.0% Filipino 822 0.8% Filipino 1,444 1.4%
Korean 358 0.3% Korean 1,480 1.4%
Asian Indian 502 0.5% Asian Indian 1,094 1.1%
Vietnamese 362 0.4% Vietnamese 656 0.6%
Cambodian 78 0.1%
Hmong 0 0.0%
Laotian 73 0.1%
Thai 311 0.3%
Other Asian 520 0.5%
Pacific Islander 85 0.1%
Polynesian 75 0.1%
Hawaiian 107 0.1% Hawaiian 65 0.1%
Samoan 13 0.0% Samoan 0 0.0%
Tongan 10 0.0%
Other Polynesian 0 0.0%
Guamanian 48 0.0% Micronesian -- Guamanian 10 0.0%
Micronesian -- Other 0 0.0%
Melanesian 0 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 425 0.4% Pacific Islander Not Specified 0 0.0%
All other 1,349 1.2% Race, n.e.c. 2,763 2.7% Other Race 3,681 3.6%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 4,114 3.5% SPANISH ORIGIN 5,117 5.0% TOTAL HISPANIC 7,989 7.8%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 57,172 49.0% Male 51,328 49.7% Male 51,005 49.7%
Female 59,544 51.0% Female 52,000 50.3% Female 51,719 50.3%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 6,398 5.5% Under 5 years 3,873 3.7% Under 5 years 4,658 4.5%
5 to 19 years 23,911 20.5% 5 to 19 years 18,499 17.9% 5 to 17 years 9,931 9.7%
20 to 64 years 73,225 62.7% 20 to 64 years 69,916 67.7% 18 to 64 years 76,927 74.9%
65 years and over 13,182 11.3% 65 years and over 11,040 10.7% 65 years and over 11,208 10.9%
Median age 26.4 X Median age 29.1 X Median age 32.3 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 45,655 100.0% Total households 44,842 100.0% Households 43,549 100.0%
Families 24,703 54.1% Families 19,534 43.6% Total families 19,127 43.9%
With own children under 18 years 10,727 23.5% With own children under 18 years 8,896 19.8% With own children under 18 years 8,359 19.2%
Persons per household 2.32 X Persons per household 2.10 X Persons per household 2.11 X
Persons per family 2.84 X Persons per family 2.84 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1969 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Income of families and unrelated individuals 4,259 X Median household income 13,506 X Median household income 29,737 X
Median family income 20,360 X Median family income 44,671 X
Income of persons 3,949 X Per capita income 8,461 X Per capita income 18,720 X
Less than poverty level 19.4% Below poverty level 21.0% Below poverty level 15.9%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 23.7 X Mean minutes traveled to work 24.1 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 57.0 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 49,153 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 54,590 100.0%
Private vehicle 26,076 53.1% Car, truck, or van 30,105 55.1%
Drive alone car 19,284 39.2% Drove alone 24,742 45.3%
Drive alone truck or van 1,735 3.5%
Carpool car 4,456 9.1% Carpooled 5,363 9.8%
Carpool truck or van 601 1.2%  
Public transportation 9,766 19.9% Public transportation 8,296 15.2%
Bus or streetcar 8,438 17.2% Bus or trolley bus 3,855 7.1%
  Streetcar or trolley car 94 0.2%
Subway or elevated train 1,240 2.5% Subway or elevated 4,195 7.7%
Railroad 67 0.1% Railroad 93 0.2%
  Ferryboat 21 0.0%
Taxicab 21 0.0% Taxicab 38 0.1%
Motorcycle 322 0.7% Motorcycle 574 1.1%
Bicycle 2,299 4.7% Bicycle 2,651 4.9%
Walked only 8,171 16.6% Walked 9,152 16.8%
Other means 575 1.2% Other means 477 0.9%
Worked at home 1,944 4.0% Working at home 3,335 6.1%
Best printed in landscape format.
 
                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1890-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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