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Decennial Census data
      1870-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 445,779 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 629,442 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 782,225 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 417,346 93.6% White 470,458 74.7% White 492,692 63.0%
Negro 10,955 2.5% Black 28,792 4.6% Black 36,397 4.7%
Indian 1,941 0.4% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 5,801 0.9% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 5,323 0.7%
Eskimo 46 0.0% Eskimo 92 0.0%
Aleut 61 0.0% Aleut 35 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 53,205 8.5% Asian or Pacific Islander 152,926 19.6%
Asian 149,200 19.1%
Japanese 6,992 1.6% Japanese 10,432 1.7% Japanese 12,731 1.6%
Chinese 2,595 0.6% Chinese 9,802 1.6% Chinese 31,829 4.1%
Filipino 2,583 0.6% Filipino 16,549 2.6% Filipino 37,467 4.8%
Korean 3,112 0.5% Korean 7,453 1.0%
Asian Indian 2,628 0.4% Asian Indian 9,832 1.3%
Vietnamese 7,092 1.1% Vietnamese 41,107 5.3%
Cambodian 4,553 0.6%
Hmong 28 0.0%
Laotian 1,722 0.2%
Thai 532 0.1%
Other Asian 1,946 0.2%
Pacific Islander 3,726 0.5%
Polynesian 2,512 0.3%
Hawaiian 740 0.1% Hawaiian 1,146 0.1%
Samoan 718 0.1% Samoan 1,202 0.2%
Tongan 115 0.0%
Other Polynesian 49 0.0%
Guamanian 934 0.1% Micronesian -- Guamanian 824 0.1%
Micronesian -- Other 75 0.0%
Melanesian 230 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 1,198 0.2% Pacific Islander Not Specified 85 0.0%
All other 3,367 0.8% Race, n.e.c. 71,186 11.3% Other Race 94,887 12.1%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 67,495 15.1% SPANISH ORIGIN 140,318 22.3% TOTAL HISPANIC 204,012 26.1%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 219,043 49.1% Male 311,905 49.6% Male 396,650 50.7%
Female 226,736 50.9% Female 317,537 50.4% Female 385,575 49.3%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 46,520 10.4% Under 5 years 51,131 8.1% Under 5 years 65,162 8.3%
5 to 19 years 140,959 31.6% 5 to 19 years 168,052 26.7% 5 to 17 years 143,760 18.4%
20 to 64 years 233,535 52.4% 20 to 64 years 371,473 59.0% 18 to 64 years 517,743 66.2%
65 years and over 24,765 5.6% 65 years and over 38,786 6.2% 65 years and over 55,560 7.1%
Median age 24.4 X Median age 27.5 X Median age 30.6 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 130,607 100.0% Total households 209,905 100.0% Households 251,050 100.0%
Families 107,245 82.1% Families 157,258 74.9% Total families 186,149 74.1%
With own children under 18 years 70,083 53.7% With own children under 18 years 93,954 44.8% With own children under 18 years 96,947 38.6%
Persons per household 3.35 X Persons per household 2.96 X Persons per household 3.07 X
Persons per family 3.43 X Persons per family 3.50 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1969 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Income of families and unrelated individuals 10,043 X Median household income 22,886 X Median household income 46,206 X
Median family income 25,598 X Median family income 50,281 X
Income of persons 3,406 X Per capita income 8,379 X Per capita income 16,905 X
Less than poverty level 8.7% Below poverty level 8.2% Below poverty level 9.2%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 25.3 X Mean minutes traveled to work 25.5 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 56.6 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 301,334 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 400,932 100.0%
Private vehicle 273,608 90.8% Car, truck, or van 366,776 91.5%
Drive alone car 189,066 62.7% Drove alone 308,311 76.9%
Drive alone truck or van 28,657 9.5%
Carpool car 48,938 16.2% Carpooled 58,465 14.6%
Carpool truck or van 6,947 2.3%  
Public transportation 10,051 3.3% Public transportation 14,084 3.5%
Bus or streetcar 8,150 2.7% Bus or trolley bus 12,363 3.1%
  Streetcar or trolley car 266 0.1%
Subway or elevated train 116 0.0% Subway or elevated 204 0.1%
Railroad 1,684 0.6% Railroad 1,168 0.3%
  Ferryboat 20 0.0%
Taxicab 101 0.0% Taxicab 63 0.0%
Motorcycle 3,337 1.1% Motorcycle 1,473 0.4%
Bicycle 2,727 0.9% Bicycle 2,486 0.6%
Walked only 6,234 2.1% Walked 6,495 1.6%
Other means 1,711 0.6% Other means 1,870 0.5%
Worked at home 3,666 1.2% Working at home 7,748 1.9%
Best printed in landscape format.
 
                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1870-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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