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Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 715,674 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 678,974 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 723,959 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 511,186 71.4% White 402,131 59.2% White 388,341 53.6%
Negro 96,078 13.4% Black 86,190 12.7% Black 78,931 10.9%
Indian 2,900 0.4% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 3,566 0.5% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 3,354 0.5%
Eskimo 153 0.0% Eskimo 39 0.0%
Aleut 39 0.0% Aleut 118 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 149,269 22.0% Asian or Pacific Islander 211,000 29.1%
Asian 207,901 28.7%
Japanese 11,705 1.6% Japanese 12,461 1.8% Japanese 11,591 1.6%
Chinese 58,696 8.2% Chinese 82,244 12.1% Chinese 130,753 18.1%
Filipino 24,694 3.5% Filipino 38,690 5.7% Filipino 40,977 5.7%
Korean 3,442 0.5% Korean 6,538 0.9%
Asian Indian 2,704 0.4% Asian Indian 2,891 0.4%
Vietnamese 5,078 0.7% Vietnamese 8,952 1.2%
Cambodian 1,593 0.2%
Hmong 20 0.0%
Laotian 928 0.1%
Thai 592 0.1%
Other Asian 3,066 0.4%
Pacific Islander 3,099 0.4%
Polynesian 2,415 0.3%
Hawaiian 1,048 0.2% Hawaiian 975 0.1%
Samoan 1,568 0.2% Samoan 1,310 0.2%
Tongan 102 0.0%
Other Polynesian 28 0.0%
Guamanian 302 0.0% Micronesian -- Guamanian 465 0.1%
Micronesian -- Other 27 0.0%
Melanesian 57 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 1,732 0.3% Pacific Islander Not Specified 135 0.0%
All other 10,415 1.5% Race, n.e.c. 37,818 5.6% Other Race 42,333 5.8%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 69,633 9.7% SPANISH ORIGIN 84,194 12.4% TOTAL HISPANIC 96,640 13.3%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 345,680 48.3% Male 337,932 49.8% Male 362,170 50.0%
Female 369,994 51.7% Female 341,042 50.2% Female 361,789 50.0%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 43,003 6.0% Under 5 years 30,868 4.5% Under 5 years 35,270 4.9%
5 to 19 years 139,136 19.4% 5 to 19 years 102,933 15.2% 5 to 17 years 81,479 11.3%
20 to 64 years 433,797 60.6% 20 to 64 years 441,448 65.0% 18 to 64 years 501,947 69.3%
65 years and over 99,738 13.9% 65 years and over 103,725 15.3% 65 years and over 105,263 14.5%
Median age 34.2 X Median age 35.4 X Median age 36.0 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 295,174 100.0% Total households 299,867 100.0% Households 305,984 100.0%
Families 164,436 55.7% Families 141,590 47.2% Total families 143,818 47.0%
With own children under 18 years 69,670 23.6% With own children under 18 years 57,288 19.1% With own children under 18 years 56,831 18.6%
Persons per household 2.34 X Persons per household 2.18 X Persons per household 2.29 X
Persons per family 3.11 X Persons per family 3.21 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1969 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Income of families and unrelated individuals 10,503 X Median household income 15,866 X Median household income 33,414 X
Median family income 20,911 X Median family income 40,561 X
Income of persons 4,289 X Per capita income 9,265 X Per capita income 27,093 X
Less than poverty level 14.0% Below poverty level 13.7% Below poverty level 12.4%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 25.9 X Mean minutes traveled to work 26.9 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 54.7 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 336,627 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 382,309 100.0%
Private vehicle 155,752 46.3% Car, truck, or van 191,112 50.0%
Drive alone car 104,961 31.2% Drove alone 147,187 38.5%
Drive alone truck or van 8,763 2.6%
Carpool car 38,435 11.4% Carpooled 43,925 11.5%
Carpool truck or van 3,593 1.1%  
Public transportation 129,683 38.5% Public transportation 128,160 33.5%
Bus or streetcar 120,642 35.8% Bus or trolley bus 93,377 24.4%
  Streetcar or trolley car 12,210 3.2%
Subway or elevated train 7,395 2.2% Subway or elevated 19,707 5.2%
Railroad 593 0.2% Railroad 1,484 0.4%
  Ferryboat 88 0.0%
Taxicab 1,053 0.3% Taxicab 1,294 0.3%
Motorcycle 2,152 0.6% Motorcycle 4,540 1.2%
Bicycle 1,884 0.6% Bicycle 3,634 1.0%
Walked only 36,823 10.9% Walked 37,611 9.8%
Other means 2,793 0.8% Other means 2,773 0.7%
Worked at home 7,540 2.2% Working at home 14,479 3.8%
  
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Employed 318,311 100.0% Employed 342,484 100.0% Employed 386,530 100.0%
 
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                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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