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Decennial Census data
      1910-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 79,043 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 74,676 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 87,425 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 47,368 59.9% White 30,532 40.9% White 31,666 36.2%
Negro 28,633 36.2% Black 35,799 47.9% Black 38,266 43.8%
Indian 360 0.5% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 527 0.7% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 606 0.7%
Eskimo 18 0.0% Eskimo 0 0.0%
Aleut 0 0.0% Aleut 9 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 3,807 5.1% Asian or Pacific Islander 10,301 11.8%
Asian 9,957 11.4%
Japanese 999 1.3% Japanese 766 1.0% Japanese 1,145 1.3%
Chinese 635 0.8% Chinese 1,235 1.7% Chinese 2,929 3.4%
Filipino 472 0.6% Filipino 1,065 1.4% Filipino 2,712 3.1%
Korean 119 0.2% Korean 531 0.6%
Asian Indian 221 0.3% Asian Indian 736 0.8%
Vietnamese 58 0.1% Vietnamese 453 0.5%
Cambodian 128 0.1%
Hmong 0 0.0%
Laotian 1,124 1.3%
Thai 5 0.0%
Other Asian 194 0.2%
Pacific Islander 344 0.4%
Polynesian 334 0.4%
Hawaiian 185 0.2% Hawaiian 233 0.3%
Samoan 0 0.0% Samoan 83 0.1%
Tongan 11 0.0%
Other Polynesian 0 0.0%
Guamanian 22 0.0% Micronesian -- Guamanian 10 0.0%
Micronesian -- Other 0 0.0%
Melanesian 0 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 136 0.2% Pacific Islander Not Specified 7 0.0%
All other 576 0.7% Race, n.e.c. 4,011 5.4% Other Race 6,586 7.5%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 5,049 6.4% SPANISH ORIGIN 7,981 10.7% TOTAL HISPANIC 12,104 13.8%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 38,223 48.4% Male 35,505 47.5% Male 41,405 47.4%
Female 40,820 51.6% Female 39,171 52.5% Female 46,020 52.6%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 7,167 9.1% Under 5 years 5,655 7.6% Under 5 years 7,361 8.4%
5 to 19 years 22,505 28.5% 5 to 19 years 18,242 24.4% 5 to 17 years 15,437 17.7%
20 to 64 years 43,249 54.7% 20 to 64 years 42,917 57.5% 18 to 64 years 54,640 62.5%
65 years and over 6,123 7.7% 65 years and over 7,862 10.5% 65 years and over 9,987 11.4%
Median age 27.9 X Median age 29.9 X Median age 32.7 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 26,096 100.0% Total households 28,218 100.0% Households 32,798 100.0%
Families 20,678 79.2% Families 19,727 69.9% Total families 21,907 66.8%
With own children under 18 years 11,146 42.7% With own children under 18 years 10,268 36.4% With own children under 18 years 10,536 32.1%
Persons per household 3.00 X Persons per household 2.63 X Persons per household 2.63 X
Persons per family 3.20 X Persons per family 3.24 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1969 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Income of families and unrelated individuals 8,778 X Median household income 15,597 X Median household income 32,165 X
Median family income 18,232 X Median family income 36,657 X
Income of persons 3,314 X Per capita income 6,977 X Per capita income 14,630 X
Less than poverty level 12.9% Below poverty level 16.5% Below poverty level 15.9%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 24.6 X Mean minutes traveled to work 28.6 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 56.6 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 28,739 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 37,916 100.0%
Private vehicle 22,883 79.6% Car, truck, or van 30,401 80.2%
Drive alone car 15,856 55.2% Drove alone 24,232 63.9%
Drive alone truck or van 2,107 7.3%
Carpool car 4,429 15.4% Carpooled 6,169 16.3%
Carpool truck or van 491 1.7%  
Public transportation 3,873 13.5% Public transportation 4,825 12.7%
Bus or streetcar 3,032 10.6% Bus or trolley bus 1,732 4.6%
  Streetcar or trolley car 32 0.1%
Subway or elevated train 744 2.6% Subway or elevated 2,778 7.3%
Railroad 75 0.3% Railroad 196 0.5%
  Ferryboat 66 0.2%
Taxicab 22 0.1% Taxicab 21 0.1%
Motorcycle 202 0.7% Motorcycle 163 0.4%
Bicycle 179 0.6% Bicycle 226 0.6%
Walked only 914 3.2% Walked 977 2.6%
Other means 323 1.1% Other means 310 0.8%
Worked at home 365 1.3% Working at home 1,014 2.7%
Best printed in landscape format.
 
                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1910-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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