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Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010

1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census
TOTAL POPULATION 4,628,199 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 5,179,784 100.0% TOTAL POPULATION 6,023,577 100.0%
  
RACE RACE RACE
White 3,998,436 86.4% White 3,940,084 76.1% White 4,147,971 68.9%
Negro 367,477 7.9% Black 466,274 9.0% Black 533,188 8.9%
Indian 18,945 0.4% American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut 37,187 0.7% American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut 39,035 0.6%
Eskimo 551 0.0% Eskimo 561 0.0%
Aleut 178 0.0% Aleut 683 0.0%
Asian and Pacific Islander 462,890 8.9% Asian or Pacific Islander 919,279 15.3%
Asian 887,895 14.7%
Japanese 51,228 1.1% Japanese 66,741 1.3% Japanese 79,177 1.3%
Chinese 97,466 2.1% Chinese 169,016 3.3% Chinese 330,489 5.5%
Filipino 54,730 1.2% Filipino 137,863 2.7% Filipino 257,947 4.3%
Korean 18,632 0.4% Korean 41,163 0.7%
Asian Indian 19,011 0.4% Asian Indian 49,960 0.8%
Vietnamese 22,125 0.4% Vietnamese 84,662 1.4%
Cambodian 11,483 0.2%
Hmong 68 0.0%
Laotian 10,478 0.2%
Thai 3,730 0.1%
Other Asian 18,738 0.3%
Pacific Islander 31,384 0.5%
Polynesian 21,154 0.4%
Hawaiian 7,680 0.1% Hawaiian 9,913 0.2%
Samoan 4,557 0.1% Samoan 7,578 0.1%
Tongan 3,291 0.1%
Other Polynesian 372 0.0%
Guamanian 6,098 0.1% Micronesian -- Guamanian 6,458 0.1%
Micronesian -- Other 248 0.0%
Melanesian 2,709 0.0%
Other Asian and Pacific Islander 11,167 0.2% Pacific Islander Not Specified 815 0.0%
All other 39,917 0.9% Race, n.e.c. 273,349 5.3% Other Race 384,104 6.4%
  
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT 380,947 8.2% SPANISH ORIGIN 632,650 12.2% TOTAL HISPANIC 899,243 14.9%
  
SEX SEX SEX
Male 2,270,978 49.1% Male 2,546,058 49.2% Male 2,999,489 49.8%
Female 2,357,221 50.9% Female 2,633,726 50.8% Female 3,024,088 50.2%
 
AGE AGE AGE
Under 5 years 366,571 7.9% Under 5 years 326,137 6.3% Under 5 years 425,086 7.1%
5 to 19 years 1,271,028 27.5% 5 to 19 years 1,147,194 22.1% 5 to 17 years 958,435 15.9%
20 to 64 years 2,582,775 55.8% 20 to 64 years 3,176,988 61.3% 18 to 64 years 3,976,156 66.0%
65 years and over 407,824 8.8% 65 years and over 529,465 10.2% 65 years and over 663,900 11.0%
    Median age 31.3 X Median age 33.7 X
  
HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS
Head of household 1,552,801 100.0% Total households 1,973,880 100.0% Households 2,250,975 100.0%
Families 1,153,403 74.3% Families 1,301,142 65.9% Total families 1,474,257 65.5%
With own children under 18 years 634,138 40.8% With own children under 18 years 656,418 33.3% With own children under 18 years 739,329 32.8%
    Persons per household 2.56 X Persons per household 2.61 X
Persons per family 3.17 X Persons per family 3.18 X
  
INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1979 INCOME AND POVERTY IN 1989
Median household income 20,607 X Median household income 41,595 X
Median family income 24,731 X Median family income 48,532 X
Per capita income 9,368 X Per capita income 19,716 X
  Below poverty level 9.1% Below poverty level 9.3%
  
COMMUTING TO WORK COMMUTING TO WORK
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 24.3 X Mean minutes traveled to work 25.6 X
Mean travel time to work for workers traveling 45 or more minutes 57.4 X
  
MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK
Workers 16 years and over 2,481,314 100.0% Workers 16 years and over 3,085,634 100.0%
Private vehicle 1,963,376 79.1% Car, truck, or van 2,504,389 81.2%
Drive alone car 1,357,858 54.7% Drove alone 2,104,716 68.2%
Drive alone truck or van 200,791 8.1%
Carpool car 349,081 14.1% Carpooled 399,673 13.0%
Carpool truck or van 55,646 2.2%  
Public transportation 283,277 11.4% Public transportation 293,581 9.5%
Bus or streetcar 228,324 9.2% Bus or trolley bus 182,991 5.9%
  Streetcar or trolley car 13,771 0.4%
Subway or elevated train 38,438 1.5% Subway or elevated 75,887 2.5%
Railroad 14,606 0.6% Railroad 14,381 0.5%
  Ferryboat 4,034 0.1%
Taxicab 1,909 0.1% Taxicab 2,517 0.1%
Motorcycle 22,887 0.9% Motorcycle 16,826 0.5%
Bicycle 31,029 1.3% Bicycle 32,473 1.1%
Walked only 109,007 4.4% Walked 111,968 3.6%
Other means 23,971 1.0% Other means 20,311 0.7%
Worked at home 47,767 1.9% Working at home 106,086 3.4%
  
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Employed 1,823,357 100.0% Employed 2,517,311 100.0% Employed 3,111,783 100.0%
 
 
                Source: 1970 Census, 1980 Census, 1990 Census

Decennial Census data
      1860-1940  |   1950-1960  |   1970-1990  |   2000-2010



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